The training and subsequent job help inmates get back on their feet and ensures employment after the release.
As Indian prison system seeks more and better jobs for the swelling ranks of inmates, Tamil Nadu’s effort to provide vocational training has made the state highest gross earner. In 2014, Tamil Nadu had reported the highest gross value of sale proceeds of Rs 36.97 crore followed by Kerala where inmates produced goods worth Rs 21.43 crore. Bihar was on third position with Rs 15.74 crore and Maharshtra was ranked fourth with Rs 14.34 crore.The training and subsequent job help inmates get back on their feet and ensures employment after the release.<!– Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>However, when it comes to meaningful employment that resulted in highest earning per inmate (value of goods produced per inmate) Kerala was on top of the chart with Rs. 30,285 followed by Tamil Nadu at Rs 23,291 as compared to all-India average of Rs 3,628 during the year 2014.According to Prison Statistics of India 2014 report, prisons across the country were housing 4,18,561 inmates as on December 31, 2014. Of the total, 1,31,517 (31.4%) were convicts and 2,82,879 (67.6%) were under trials. Interestingly, highest annual expenditure per inmate Rs 85,193 was reported from Delhi followed by Telangana Rs 81,551, Nagaland Rs 75,886, Arunachal Pradesh Rs 71,878 and Bihar Rs 57, 507 during the financial year 2014-15.According to the report, highest numbers of 11,344 inmates in Punjab followed by 8,251 in Rajasthan were provided with vocational training last year. Tamil Nadu’s prisons trained 3,043 inmates, including 116, in weaving.Tamil Nadu has 15,874 inmates in its prisons across the state. The report has highlighted seven types of vocational training -? Agriculture, Canning, Carpentry, Handloom, Soap and Phenyl making, Tailoring and Weaving.Report says a total of 63,256 prison inmates were provided with various vocational training last year with maximum number 6232 (9.85%) trained in weaving followed by 4916 (7.8%) in tailoring, Agriculture 4556 (7.2 %) and Carpentry 3303 (5.2%).”The training facilities available in jails depend on the local conditions. The availability of raw materials, local market needs, demands and marketing of finished products mainly decide the vocational training facilities available in any jail premise,” the report stated.Crowded PrisonsThe report recorded 4,18, 536 jails inmates till 2014 against the capacity of 3,56,561 in the country. The highest number 88,221 inmates including 3,572 female were reported from Uttar Pradesh followed by Madhya Pradesh 36,443, Bihar – 31, 295, Maharashtra -27,868 and Punjab – 26,007 at the end of the year 2014. Dadra & Nagar Haveli reported the highest overcrowding in prisons — over 331% of the capacity — followed by Chhattisgarh – 258.9% and Delhi – 221.6 %. Murder alone accounted for 60.9 % (69,773 out of 1,14,584) of the total convicts under IPC crimes.”A total of 390 women convicts with their 457 Children and 1,172 women under trials with their 1,320 children were lodged in various prisons in the country at the end of 2014,” report further stated.